ICTF Patterns are similar to kata in karate. Almost all of the forms (except Yul-Gok, Ul-Ji and Tong-Il) begin with some sort of defensive movement. All patterns begin, and also finish in the exact same spot. This method demonstrates that the practitioners’ stances are the correct length, width, in addition to proper direction. Right now there are currently 24 patterns within the official ITF syllabus; patterns are representational with all the 24 hours within each day of general choi hong hi. The names for the patterns typically relate to occurrences in Korean heritage as well as important individuals in the Korean historical past. Parts of a the pattern are historical references, such as the number of moves, the particular diagram, the way the pattern comes to an end, and so on.
CHON-JI: means literally “the Heaven the Earth”. It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
YUL-GOK: is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude and the diagram (~) represents “scholar”.
TOI -GYE: is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo- Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 latitude, the diagram (~) represents “scholar”.
JOONG-GUN: is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro- Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea- Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahns age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).
HWA-RANG: is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.
CHOONG-MOO: was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.